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Rock music is a genre of music started in America. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll and rockabilly which evolved from blues country music and other influences. According to the All Music Guide “In its purest form Rock & Roll has three chords a strong insistent back beat and a catchy melody. Early rock & roll drew from a variety of sources primarily blues R&B and country but also gospel traditional pop jazz and folk. All of these influences combined in a simple blues-based song structure that was fast danceable and catchy.” Rock usually has a prominent vocal melody accompanied by guitar drums and bass. Many styles of rock music also use keyboard instruments such as organ piano mellotron and synthesizers. Other instruments sometimes utilized in rock include saxophone originally in the 50s the central instrument harmonica violin flute French horn banjo melodica and timpani. Also less common stringed instruments such as mandolin and sitar are used. Rock music usually has a strong back beat and often revolves around the guitar either solid electric hollow electric or acoustic.

In the late 1960s rock music was blended with folk music to create folk rock blues to create blues-rock and with jazz to create jazz-rock fusion and without a time signature to create psychedelic rock. In the 1970s rock incorporated influences from soul funk and latin music. Also in the 1970s rock developed a number of subgenres such as soft rock heavy metal hard rock progressive rock and punk rock. Rock subgenres that emerged in the 1980s included synthpop hardcore punk and alternative rock. In the 1990s rock subgenres included grunge Britpop indie rock and nu metal.

A group of musicians specializing in rock music is called a rock band or rock group. Many rock groups consist of a guitarist lead singer bass guitarist and drummer forming a quartet. Some groups omit one or more of these roles andor utilize a lead singer who plays an instrument while singing forming a trio or duo others include additional musicians such as one or two rhythm guitarists andor a keyboardist. More rarely groups also utilize stringed instruments such as violins or cellos andor horns like saxophones trumpets or trombones. . User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License additional terms may apply.
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